# Sum of Years‘: Digits Accelerated Depreciation Method

## Sum of Years‘: Digits Accelerated Depreciation Method

This means that the total amount of Rs 1,50,000 will be spread over its useful life of 5 years. ExcelDemy is a place where you can learn Excel, and get solutions to your Excel & Excel VBA-related problems, Data Analysis with Excel, etc. We provide tips, how to guide, provide online training, and also provide Excel solutions to your business problems.

• It is also more complex to calculate than straight-line depreciation, which can lead to errors in the calculation.
• Total acquisition cost includes the purchase price, shipping costs, and any other costs undertaken to get an asset ready for use.
• Depreciation determined by this method must be expensed in each year of the asset’s estimated lifespan.

This time, we are going to create a depreciation schedule for the asset using the two types of depreciation shown in the screenshot below. To follow along in Excel, access the spreadsheet here and go to the second tab. A. There are many ways to calculate depreciation in Excel, and several of the depreciation methods already have a built-in function included in the software. The table below includes all the built-in Excel depreciation methods included in Excel 365, along with the formula for calculating units-of-production depreciation. A problem with using this or any other accelerated depreciation method is that it artificially reduces the reported profit of a business over the near term.

After all, the company should try to match the expense coming from the depreciation of the fixed asset with the benefits that it provides to the company. Sum of the Years’ Digits Method involves finding the sum of all digits between zero and the number of years in the asset’s useful life. Depreciation expense under this method is calculated by multiplying the depreciable cost of an asset by the fraction of its remaining useful life and the sum of its years’ digits. The SYD depreciation schedules using the formula and Excel function showcased how the depreciation expense is distributed over the equipment’s useful life. It enhances how one views the utility of fixed assets whilst resulting in tax shields for tech company ABC. I hope you will find the 2 easy methods useful to calculate the sum of years’ digits depreciation with formulas in Excel.

## Find Sum of Years Digits Depreciation with Mathematical Formula

Accelerated depreciation methods could also be seen as more accurate, as they assume that an asset loses a majority of its value in the first few years of its use. The two most common accelerated depreciation methods are double-declining balance and the sum of the years‘ digits. Here’s a depreciation guide and overview of the sum of the years‘ digits method.

• Companies typically use accelerated depreciation to minimize their taxable income because it allows for greater depreciation expense deductions in the earlier years of the equipment or asset’s life.
• The total amount of depreciation taken over the entire life of the asset should equal the depreciable cost (cost minus salvage value).
• With these values, we move on to applying the sum of the years’ formula in a step-wise manner.
• As we know the formulas of the sum of years’ digits depreciation, let us follow the methods below to calculate it.
• In this depreciation scenario, an asset, such as a piece of equipment, has its book value reduced on the balance sheet at a faster rate than a traditional straight-line depreciation method.

However, the company needs to properly allocate the cost so that the depreciation expense charged to the income statement matches the benefits that the company receives from the fixed assets. This is so that the recognition of the depreciation expense in the company’s account is properly in compliance with the matching principle of accounting. Calculate the sum of years’ digits depreciation for each year of the fixed asset above.

The total amount of depreciation is identical no matter which depreciation method is used – the choice of depreciation method only alters the timing of depreciation recognition. The sum of years method uses the expected life and adds the digits for every year to give the final depreciation expense amount. It calculates depreciation expenses based on the number of years of the useful life of an asset. An asset’s depreciation base is its initial cost, minus any salvage or residual value at the end of its useful life. The distribution of depreciation expenses through an asset’s useful life is best described using the SYD approach instead of straight-line depreciation.

If it is left blank, Excel will assume the factor is 2 — the straight-line depreciation rate times two, which is double-declining-balance depreciation. Because it’s an accelerated depreciation method, the sum of the years‘ digit more accurately reflects the true value of assets that use up a higher percentage of their useful value in the earlier years. It also allows you to take a larger depreciation deduction faster than using straight-line depreciation. The four depreciation methods include straight-line, declining balance, sum-of-the-years‘ digits, and units of production. Depreciation accounts for decreases in the value of a company’s assets over time. In the United States, accountants must adhere to generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP) in calculating and reporting depreciation on financial statements.

## Calculate Sum of Years Digits Depreciation with Formula in Excel

Over 1.8 million professionals use CFI to learn accounting, financial analysis, modeling and more. Start with a free account to explore 20+ always-free courses and hundreds of finance templates and cheat sheets. Depreciation charges for the first two years of the asset are \$45,000 and \$30,000 respectively (refer the solution of the example above in case of confusion).

## Methods of Depreciation

Therefore, it can be said that SYD provides a realistic depreciation expense since the method acknowledges that assets are typically more productive and valuable in their early years. Life– This is the useful life of the asset or the number of periods for which the asset will be depreciated. As the remaining life of the machine decreases, the depreciation expense also decreases.

## Sum of the years‘ digits depreciation definition

Companies have several options for depreciating the value of assets over time, in accordance with GAAP. Most companies use a single depreciation methodology for all of their assets. Thus, the methods used in calculating depreciation are typically industry-specific. Calculate depreciation over the useful life of the asset using the sum of the years’ digits method.

We only need to calculate this value one time in an asset’s life when we estimate its depreciation for the first time. We will use the same value to calculate the depreciation expense of the future accounting periods. As we know the formulas of the sum of years’ digits depreciation, let us follow the methods below to calculate it. The sum of years depreciation method works by depreciating the asset’s depreciable amount by a depreciation factor unique to each year. The depreciable amount is equal to the asset’s total acquisition cost less the asset’s salvage value.

## How to Calculate Units of Activity or Units of Production Depreciation

In other words, the difference is in the timing of when the same total amount of depreciation will be reported. Similar to the double declining balance method, sum of years depreciation aims to depreciate a company’s assets at an accelerated rate. Companies may choose the SYD method as the practice will result in a larger depreciation tax shield in 5 tax tips for the newest powerball millionaires the first few years of the asset’s life. However, the depreciation expense in the sum of the years’ digits goes down in the linear line instead of the curve line like those in the declining balance method. After all, the calculation formula of the sum of the years’ digits depreciation is different from that of the declining balance depreciation.